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10 Most Dangerous African Countries for Travelers

by Team Safari Safety

It’s important to note that the concept of danger can vary based on various factors, including political stability, crime rates, terrorism threats, and health risks. While Africa is a diverse continent with many safe and welcoming countries, here is a list of 10 countries that have, historically, been considered more challenging for visitors from outside of Africa:


Located in the Horn of Africa, Somalia has been plagued by political instability, lawlessness, and ongoing armed conflict for several decades. The country has experienced the rise of extremist groups such as al-Shabaab, who are known for carrying out attacks, bombings, and kidnappings. Additionally, piracy off the coast of Somalia has been a significant concern, particularly in the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.

South Sudan

Since gaining independence in 2011, South Sudan has faced internal conflicts characterized by ethnic violence, political instability, and a fragile security situation. These conflicts have led to widespread violence, including targeted killings, sexual violence, and the displacement of populations. Foreign visitors face risks of violence, armed attacks, and limited infrastructure, making it a challenging destination for travelers.


Libya has been in a state of political turmoil since the ousting of Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. The absence of a stable government and the presence of numerous armed militias make Libya highly volatile and dangerous. Kidnappings, car bombings, and clashes between rival factions are common, particularly in areas like Tripoli, Benghazi, and other major cities.


Northern regions of Mali, such as Timbuktu, Gao, and Kidal, have experienced ongoing conflict and instability. Separatist groups and Islamist extremists, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (ISGS), have carried out attacks, kidnappings, and bombings. Traveling to these regions poses significant risks, including the presence of landmines.


Niger faces security challenges due to the presence of terrorist groups, primarily Boko Haram and ISIS-affiliated militants in the region. Attacks and kidnappings targeting foreigners have occurred in areas near the borders with Mali, Nigeria, and Burkina Faso. The risk of encountering armed groups and banditry is high, particularly in remote areas and along the borders.

Central Africa Republic

CAR has been plagued by political instability, ethnic tensions, and armed conflict for many years. The country experiences violence and lawlessness, with armed militias, such as the Anti-Balaka and the ex-Seleka groups, engaging in clashes. Traveling outside the capital, Bangui, poses significant risks due to the presence of armed groups involved in criminal activities.


Nigeria, Africa’s most populous country, faces security challenges in various regions. In the northeast, the Islamist extremist group Boko Haram has carried out numerous attacks, including bombings, kidnappings, and abductions. The Niger Delta region has also experienced issues of kidnapping, militancy, and attacks on oil installations. Foreign visitors should remain cautious and stay informed about the specific regions they plan to visit.

Democratic Republic of Congo

The DRC has faced prolonged armed conflict, political instability, and ethnic tensions for many years. In the eastern part of the country, armed groups and rebel militias operate, engaging in violence, looting, and human rights abuses. These groups, along with intercommunal conflicts, pose significant risks to travelers. Additionally, the DRC faces challenges related to infrastructure, health risks (e.g., Ebola outbreaks), and limited access to security in remote areas.


Sudan has experienced conflicts in various regions, including Darfur and South Kordofan, resulting in violence and insecurity. The situation varies across the country, but clashes between government forces and rebel groups, ethnic tensions, and tribal conflicts have posed risks to foreign visitors. It is important to monitor the current situation and exercise caution when traveling to Sudan.

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso has faced an increasing threat from extremist groups, primarily Ansarul Islam and al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). These groups have carried out attacks, including kidnappings, bombings, and shootings, targeting foreigners and tourist sites. The security situation in Burkina Faso has deteriorated in recent years, particularly in the northern and eastern regions.

Take Away

It is crucial for travelers to consult with travel advisories, embassies, and reliable sources of information before planning a trip to any of these countries. Staying informed about the current security situation, maintaining situational awareness, and following local authorities’ guidelines can help mitigate risks while traveling.

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